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Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.
Note 9 at 1Co 10:10: In Scripture, one of the times that the term "destroyer" was applied to a being was in Ex 12:23--"For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you." This was not a name but a descriptive term used to refer to the angel who killed the firstborn of Egypt.
Two other times in Scripture, the Lord speaks of godly angels destroying (2Sa 24:16 and 1Ch 21:15). There are many scriptural examples of angels destroying people that don't use that word but describe the act (e.g., 2Ki 19:35; Mt 13:41-42; Ac 12:23; 2Th 1:7-8; Heb 11:28; Re 15:1, and 16:1).
Here, Paul was attributing this same term to the angel who executed many of the plagues on the Israelites during their time in the wilderness. This could possibly make the angel who executed God's plagues in the wilderness the same angel who smote the firstborn of Egypt (Ex 12:29).