Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
Note 7 at Ro 16:7: The name Andronicus means "man of victory" (Strong's Concordance). This is the only mention of Andronicus in Scripture. He and Junia were two of six relatives (see note 9 at this verse) Paul mentioned in this chapter. Andronicus had been imprisoned, presumably for his faith in Christ. Paul said that he was "of note" among the apostles. That probably means Andronicus and Junia were well known, even to the apostles.
Andronicus and Junia were Christians before Paul's conversion. It is very possible that they witnessed to Paul and this may have been part of the "pricks" Paul was fighting against at his conversion (see note 6 at Ac 9:5). Since Junia (see note 8 at this verse) was a feminine name, it is possible that Andronicus and Junia were married.
Note 8 at Ro 16:7: This is the only mention of Junia in Scripture. The fact that Andronicus and Junia were both imprisoned, both in Christ before Paul, and both Paul's relatives suggests that they were close, possibly man and wife.
They were both "of note" among the apostles, probably meaning that they were well known, even to the apostles. Junia and Andronicus were apparently living in Rome.
Note 9 at Ro 16:7: The Greek word used for "kinsmen" here is "SUGGENES" and means "a relative (by blood); by extension, a fellow countryman" (Strong's Concordance). In Ro 9:3, Paul used this word to refer to all of the Jews as his kinsmen. Therefore, it is not certain whether Paul was using this word to denote blood relatives or fellow Jews. The fact that more of these people were Jews than what Paul designated by the term "kinsmen" would suggest that he was speaking of blood relatives.
There are six (depending on how Ro 16:21 is interpreted) kinsmen of Paul's referred to in this chapter: Andronicus and Junia (this verse); Herodion (Ro 16:11); and Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater (Ro 16:21).
It is possible that Tertius (Ro 16:22) was the one speaking in Ro 16:21, and therefore Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater would be his kinsmen (see note 4 at Ro 16:21).