Hebrews Chapter 1
The Greek word from which "sundry times" was translated is POLUMEROS. According to Strong's, it means "in many portions, i.e. variously as to time and agency (piecemeal)." In other words, the way God communicated with people under the Old Covenant was incomplete and sporadic. But in contrast, the Father has now revealed Himself perfectly through His Son, Jesus, in the New Covenant. The revelation of the Father through Jesus is far superior than the Old Covenant revelation of God. The Old Covenant wasn't inaccurate. It was incomplete. We have a better revelation.
Jesus perfectly represented His Father to us. God the Father created the worlds through Jesus. Col 1:16-17 says, "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him do all things consist." Joh 1:3 says, "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."
Jesus is the heir to all that God has and is, and we are joint heirs with Him (Ro 8:17).
The Greek word CHARAKTER from which "express image" was translated, was defined by Strong's as, "a graver (the tool or the person), i.e. (by implication) engraving (("character"), the figure stamped, i.e. an exact copy or (figuratively) representation)." Jesus was exactly like His Father. He was an exact copy. He perfectly represented God to us. If we look at Jesus, we are looking at the Father (Joh 14:9).
Col 1:17 says, "... and by him all things consist." Jesus holds creation together. If He was to break His Word (the Word that created the universe--Joh 1:3), then the universe would fly apart. Since creation is still intact, we can be assured that He has never failed to keep His Word. God's Word is the binding power that holds all creation together. So, when we speak God's Word in faith that power is released.
After Jesus purged us of our sin, He sat down at the right hand of the Father. The significance of this is that He doesn't still need to cleanse us. He's seated. It's finished. Jesus doesn't have to continually purge us from sin every time we sin. It was done once for all time (Heb 10:10-14). We were forgiven of all sin--past-, present-, and even future-tense sin (Heb 9:12, 25-28).
The purpose of the book of Hebrews is to establish that Jesus supersedes all other beings and revelations of God. It is to prove that we have a better covenant than the old covenant and move the readers from the old to the new. This chapter shows the superiority of Jesus over any angel. Jesus is greater than any angel. He created the angels (Col 1:16-17). He is God's Son and therefore God's heir. He has a greater power and authority than the angels by inheritance.
This is a quotation from Ps 2:7--"...Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee." This was also quoted in Ac 13:33 and applied in a way that reveals that the day in which Jesus was begotten was the day of His resurrection from the dead.
The latter part of this verse quotes 2Sa 7:14, 1Ch 17:13, and 1Ch 22:10. All of these verses are promises to the seed of David that God will be their Father and he will be God's Son. From Ga 3:16, we see that the seed of David is Christ.
The point the writer of Hebrews is making is that the O.T. statements about Jesus elevate Him to a position higher than any angel. Therefore, the word of Jesus is greater than the word of any angel.
God commanded the angels to worship Jesus at His birth (Lu 2:13). This proves that Jesus is superior to the angels. They would not worship an equal but a greater.
The Jehovah's Witness organization preaches that Jesus was an angel, specifically the O.T. Michael, the archangel. Therefore, they don't believe Jesus was God but an angelic created being. This is heresy, which denies the deity of Jesus. This is totally against what these scriptures are presenting here.
This verse quotes Ps 104:4. It is saying Jesus created the angels; therefore, the Creator has to be superior to His creation.
This is quoting Ps 45:6, which says, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre." God the Father is referring to Jesus as God. This is conclusive proof of the deity of the Lord Jesus Christ.
The author of Hebrews continues his quote from Ps 45. In the previous verse, which is a quote from Ps 45:6, God the Father called Jesus "God." Now, in Ps 45:7, the writer speaks of the God of the one who God just called God (i.e. Jesus). All of this is to say that the Father and Jesus are both referred to as God. In light of the scripture from De 6:4, which says, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one LORD," there can be no doubt that Jesus and the Father are both God, and yet they are not two Gods but one God. Of course, the Holy Spirit is part of this Godhead also. The term Christianity has come up with to try and define this is "trinity."
Notice also in Ps 45:7 that the Lord anointed Jesus with the oil of gladness above all His fellows. That means Jesus was the happiest man on the earth. He was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief (Isa 53:3), but He was also happier than anyone else. Religion has obstructed this view of Jesus, and therefore has produced a lot of sad Christians.
In Heb 1:2, the writer said God the Father created all things by Jesus. So, it was Jesus that laid the foundation of the earth, and the works of the heavens are the works of Jesus' hands. Jesus was not just a man. He was God manifest in the flesh, and now He is God in a glorified body.
This verse is continuing to speak of Jesus. Jesus will outlast His creation. If He will outlast the heavens, then certainly He is more than a man or angel. He is God manifest in the flesh.
Jesus is the One who created the heavens and the earth, and He will be the One to destroy them. Therefore, He is superior to creation and all created beings, including angels.
This is a quotation from Ps 110:1, which says, "The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool." Here again is one Lord (God the Father) speaking to another Lord (Jesus) to sit at His (the Father's) right hand. The point is that Jesus was not just an angel. He is the Son of God, God in the flesh, and a part of the Godhead.
All angels are commissioned by God to minister to those who SHALL BE heirs of salvation. This means that the angels' assignment to us doesn't start after we get saved. They are ministering to us even in our lost state, because the Lord knows we SHALL BECOME followers of the Lord Jesus Christ. Thank You, Jesus!